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You may find the page on accumulating variables useful:

[http://progzoo.net/tut.cgi/java/ht70Tech/100Acc.xml Using an accumulator.]

How many countries in Asia?

In this example we use an accumulator to count the countries in Africa.

Notice that acc shows up three times:

The accumulator acc is set to zero at the start.

  • Every time we encounter Africa we increment acc.
  • After the loop has completed acc contains the value

we want - so we print it.

Change the program so that it counts the countries of Asia. Do NOT include the countries of Southeast Asia.

The accumulating variable is a very common trick in programming. The accumulator builds up the values - so that it is "right-so-far". For example in this program acc always holds the number of countries in Africa in the lines that have been read so far.

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How many big countries?

Count the number of countries with an area of more than 1500000.

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Numbering countries.

Produce a numbered list of countries:

1 Afghanistan
2 Albania
3 Algeria
262 Zimbabwe

Use three character spaces for the number and put a single space after it.

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Country number 42.

Print the name of country number 42

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