Flags with Methods

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Revision as of 06:50, 11 September 2021 by Andr3w (talk | contribs) (→‎China)
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Three colours

Several countries have flags that contain three colors in vertical stripes.

Three colour flags

Draw the flags of: France, Romania, Belgium, Nigeria. The positions and colours are as follows.

 10,10,'red','white','blue'
 95,10,'red','yellow','blue'
 10,70,'black','yellow','red'
 95,70,'green','white','green'
  • Sizes are:
    • The small flags are 75 by 50
    • The margins are 10
function drawFlag(ctx){
}
function drawFlag(ctx){
  function tri(x,y,cl){
    ctx.translate(x,y);
    cl.forEach((c,i)=>{
      ctx.fillStyle = c;
      ctx.fillRect(i*75/cl.length,0,75/cl.length,50);
    });
    ctx.translate(-x,-y);
  }
  ctx.fillStyle = 'gray';
  tri(10,10,['red','white','blue']);
  tri(95,10,['red','yellow','blue']);
  tri(10,70,['black','yellow','red']);
  tri(95,70,['green','white','green']);
}

Nordic cross

Several countries have flags that contain three colors in vertical stripes.

Nordic

The Nordic Cross features in flags of Scandinavia

Draw the flags of: Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Östergötland

  • The small flags are 75 by 50.
  • The squares on the left are 20 by 20.
  • The line width is 10.
function drawFlag(ctx){
}
function drawFlag(ctx){
  function nordic(x,y,b,f){
    ctx.translate(x,y);
    ctx.fillStyle = b;
    ctx.fillRect(0,0,75,50);
    ctx.fillStyle = f;
    ctx.fillRect(20,0,10,50);
    ctx.fillRect(0,20,75,10);
    ctx.translate(-x,-y);
  }
  nordic(10,10,'blue','yellow');
  nordic(95,10,'red','white');
  nordic(10,70,'white','blue');
  nordic(95,70,'yellow','blue');
}

Horizontal stripes

Several countries have flags that contain several horizontal stripes.

Horizontal stripes

Draw the flags of: Poland, Costa Rica, Columbia, Estonia, Mauritius

  • The small flags are 75 by 48.
  • Put the four flags at (10,10) (95,10) (10,70) and (95,70)
  • It may be useful to have two adjacent same-colour stripes.
 stripes(10,10,['white','red']);
 stripes(95,10,['yellow','yellow','blue','red']);
 stripes(10,70,['blue','white','red','red','white','blue']);
 stripes(95,70,['red','blue','yellow','green']);
function drawFlag(ctx){
}
function drawFlag(ctx){
  let w = 75;
  let h = 48;
  function stripes(x,y,cl){
    ctx.translate(x,y);
    cl.forEach((c,i)=>{
      ctx.fillStyle = c;
      ctx.fillRect(0,i*h/cl.length,75,h/cl.length);
    });
    ctx.translate(-x,-y);
  }
  stripes(10,10,['white','red']);
  stripes(95,10,['yellow','yellow','blue','red']);
  stripes(10,70,['blue','white','red','red','white','blue']);
  stripes(95,70,['red','blue','yellow','green']);
}

More Nordic crosses

The Nordic Cross features in flags of Scandinavia

More Nordic crosses

Draw the flags of: Norway, Iceland, Faroe Islands, Orkney

  • The small flags are 75 by 50. The line width is 6 with a border of 2 each side
  • The positions are (10,10) (95,10) (10,70) (95,70)
 nordic(10,10,'red','white','blue');
 nordic(95,10,'blue','white','red');
 nordic(10,70,'white','blue','red');
 nordic(95,70,'red','yellow','blue');
function drawFlag(ctx){
}
function drawFlag(ctx){
  let w = 75;
  let h = 50;
  function nordic(x,y,b,e,s){
    ctx.translate(x,y);
    ctx.fillStyle = b;
    ctx.fillRect(0,0,w,h);
    ctx.fillStyle = e;
    ctx.fillRect(20,0,10,h);
    ctx.fillRect(0,20,75,10);
    ctx.fillStyle = s;
    ctx.fillRect(22,0,6,h);
    ctx.fillRect(0,22,w,6);
    ctx.translate(-x,-y);
  }
  nordic(10,10,'red','white','blue');
  nordic(95,10,'blue','white','red');
  nordic(10,70,'white','blue','red');
  nordic(95,70,'red','yellow','blue');
}

China

The flag of China requires 5 stars with a variety of size, orientation and distance from a fixed point.

  • The whole flag is 300 by 200
  • The big star is at (50,50) it has radius 30
  • Each smaller star has radius 10
  • Each smaller star is at a different distance with a different angle
 star(30,3.14,0);      // Radius 30, angle 3.14, distance 0
 star(10,1.03,58.3);   // Radius 10, angle 1.03, distance 58.3
 star(10,1.42,70.7);
 star(10,1.85,72.8);
 star(10,2.24,58.3);
China
function drawFlag(ctx){
}
function drawFlag(ctx){
  function star(radius,angle,distance){
    ctx.rotate(angle);
    ctx.translate(0,-distance);
    ctx.scale(radius/100,-radius/100);
    ctx.beginPath();
    [[0,-100],[22,-31],[95,-31],[36,12],[59,81],
     [0,38],[-59,81],[-36,12],[-95,-31],[-22,-31]]
     .forEach((xy)=>ctx.lineTo(xy[0],xy[1]));
    ctx.fill();
    ctx.scale(100/radius,-100/radius);
    ctx.translate(0,distance);
    ctx.rotate(-angle);
  }
  ctx.fillStyle = 'red';
  ctx.fillRect(0,0,300,200);
  ctx.fillStyle = 'gold';
  ctx.translate(50,50);
  star(30,3.14,0);
  star(10,1.03,58.3);
  star(10,1.42,70.7);
  star(10,1.85,72.8);
  star(10,2.24,58.3);
}